BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Rural family physicians are in short supply. Rural training can promote rural practice, but the number of family medicine residencies with a rural focus, geographic distribution of training, and training content are poorly understood. This study identified rural-centric family medicine residencies, their training locations, and rurally relevant skills training provided.
The authors identified family medicine residencies offering rural tracks or in rural locations using FREIDA Online®, the American Osteopathic Association “Opportunities,” and the American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians Residency Finder online databases. Program personnel completed a survey in 2013 about training locations and content.
Of 583, 171 (29%) family medicine residencies met inclusion criteria. A total of 131 returned surveys (77%). Fifty-eight programs (44% of respondents) required at least 8 weeks of rural training; results describe these rural-centric programs. Programs reported a mean of 43.6 weeks (SD 49.7) of required rural block rotations. Mean hours per week in required rural continuity clinic sessions were 14.3 (SD 12.2). Thirty-nine percent of block rotation sites, 31% of clinic sites, and 21% of full-time training sites reported as rural were urban according to Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes. Over 90% of programs provided training in orthopedic care and emergency skills. Fewer than 60% provided endoscopy and operative obstetrics training.
Though numerous family medicine residencies seek to produce rural physicians, most programs required fewer than 8 weeks of rural training. Programs varied substantially in rurally located training and rurally relevant content. Students seeking rural training should examine program curricula carefully.
Authors:Evans D, Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Schmitz D, Longenecker R
Edition:Dec 2016. 48:596-602
Link to ArticleAccess the article here: Family Medicine
Citation:Evans D, Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Schmitz D, Longenecker R. Do Residencies That Aim To Produce Rural Family Physicians Offer Relevant Training? Family Medicine. Dec 2016 48:596-602
Related Studies:A Novel Master File of Rural Family Medicine Residency Training: Program Models and Graduate Outcomes