In 2020, an estimated 12.7 million rural adults suffered from a behavioral health concern – mental illness, substance use disorder, or other psychiatric conditions. Accessing behavioral health care is particularly challenging for rural communities due to disparities in the distribution of behavioral health care providers. These data briefs describe the trends in the supply and distribution of selected behavioral health providers in the rural vs urban U.S. nationally, and within Census Divisions. The behavioral health providers examined include psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, social workers, and counselors. There were fewer per capita behavioral health providers in rural vs urban counties. There were also disparities in the supply of providers across rural categories and Census Divisions. While the per capita supply of psychiatrists declined over the past decade, the supply of psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, social workers, and counselors increased in both rural and urban counties.
Authors:Andrilla CHA, Woolcock SC, Garberson LA, Patterson DG
Journal/Publisher:WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners
Citation:Andrilla CHA, Woolcock SC, Garberson LA, Patterson DG. Changes in the Supply and Rural-Urban Distribution of Selected Behavioral Health Providers. WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2022.
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