Bianca K. Frogner


Bianca Kiyoe Frogner, PhD is Professor in the Department of Family Medicine in the School of Medicine at University of Washington (UW). She is the Director of the UW Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS) and Deputy Director of the Primary Care Innovation Lab (PCI-Lab), which are housed in the Department of Family Medicine. She is also an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Health Systems and Population Health. Dr. Frogner is a health economist (NIH T32 trainee) with expertise in health services delivery, health workforce, labor economics, health spending, health insurance coverage and reimbursement, and international health systems.

She is the Principal Investigator of two Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Health Workforce Research Center (HWRC) grants, one focused on allied health and another focused on the training and education of health professionals to address health equity. She is an appointed member of Washington state’s Health Care Cost Transparency Board. She also sits on the UW Population Health Initiative Executive Council. Dr. Frogner recently provided testimony on health care careers to the Worker and Family Support Subcommittee of the US House Ways and Means Committee. In 2016, Dr. Frogner served on an Institute of Medicine (IOM) Consensus Study Committee on Educating Health Professionals to Address the Social Determinants of Health. She serves on the editorial board of Medical Care Research and Review.

Dr. Frogner received the 2019 John M. Eisenberg Article-of-the-Year Award as lead author of a study investigating physical therapy as the first point of care for low back pain treatment published in Health Services Research. Dr. Frogner’s has produced over 120 publications including peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and reports. Her research has been shared in over 200 scholarly presentations and has appeared in media outlets including CNN, NPR, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Vox, and Politico.

Dr. Frogner completed a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health. Dr. Frogner received her PhD in health economics at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and BA at University of California, Berkeley in Molecular and Cell Biology.



Prusynski RA, Frogner BK, Dahal AD, Skillman SM, Mroz TM Skilled nursing facility characteristics associated with financially motivated therapy and relation to quality. J Am Med Dir Assoc. Dec 2020

Armstrong D, Moore J, Fraher EP, Frogner BK, Pittman P, Spetz J Covid-19 and the health workforce. Med Care Res Rev. Oct 2020

Mroz TM, Dahal A, Prusynski R, Skillman SM, Frogner BK Variation in employment of therapy assistants in skilled nursing facilities based on organizational factors. Med Care Res Rev. Aug 2020

Mroz TM, Patterson DG, Frogner BK The impact of medicare's rural add-on payments on supply of home health agencies serving rural counties. Health Aff (Millwood). Jun 2020

Skillman SM, Dahal A, Frogner BK, Andrilla CHA Frontline workers' career pathways: A detailed look at washington state's medical assistant workforce. Med Care Res Rev. Jun 2020

Fraher EP, Pittman P, Frogner BK, Spetz J, Moore J, Beck AJ, Armstrong D, Buerhaus PI Ensuring and sustaining a pandemic workforce. N Engl J Med. Jun 2020

LeRouge C, Sangameswaran S, Frogner B, Snyder C, Rubenstein L, Kirsh S, Sayre G The group practice manager in the vha: A view from the field. Fed Pract. Feb 2020

Frogner BK, Fraher EP, Spetz J, Pittman P, Moore J, Beck AJ, Armstrong D, Buerhaus PI Modernizing scope-of-practice regulations - time to prioritize patients. N Engl J Med. Feb 2020

Ide N, Frogner B, LeRouge CM, Vigil P, Thompson M What's on your keyboard? A systematic review of the contamination of peripheral computer devices in healthcare settings. . BMJ Open. Mar 2019

Luo R, Sickler J, Vahidnia F, Lee YC, Frogner B, Thompson M Diagnosis and Management of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis in the United States, 2011-2015. . BMC Infect Dis. Feb 2019

Frogner BK, Harwood K, Andrilla CHA, Schwartz M, Pines JM Physical Therapy as the First Point of Care to Treat Low Back Pain: An Instrumental Variables Approach to Estimate Impact on Opioid Prescription, Health Care Utilization, and Costs. Health Serv Res. Dec 2018

Snyder CR, Frogner BK, Skillman SM. Facilitating Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Health Workforce.. J Allied Health. 47(1):58-65.. April 2018


CHWS Publications

For full listings, please visit the CHWS website

Rochford H, Frogner BK. Strategies for Advancing Diversity and Inclusion in Health Services Research AcademyHealth Blog 06-07-2023

Prusynski RA, Frogner BK, Rundell SD, Pradhan S, Mroz TM. Is More Always Better? Financially Motivated Therapy and Patient Outcomes in Skilled Nursing Facilities Arch Phys Med Rehabil S0003-9993(23)00428-8 08-03-2023

Prusynski RA, Frogner BK, Mroz TM. Staffing Trends for Non-Nursing Occupations in Skilled Nursing Facilities in the United States Between 2018-2022 Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington 11-07-2023

Bacci JL, Pollack SW, Skillman SM, Odegard PS, Danielson JH, Frogner BK. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Community Pharmacy Workforce Medical Care Research and Review 0(0) 10-13-2023

Buerhaus P, Fraher E, Frogner B, Buntin M, O’Reilly-Jacob M, Clarke S. Toward a Stronger Post-Pandemic Nursing Workforce New England Journal of Medicine 2023;389(3):200-202 07-21-2023


CHWS Presentations

For full listings, please visit the CHWS website

Frogner BK. The Looming Long-Term Care Crisis: State Action National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) Forecast 2024, Austin, TX

Frogner BK. What Happened to the Nursing Workforce? Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (Penn LDI) Seminar Series, Virtual Event

Frogner BK. The Health Care Workforce Under Pressure - Strikes, Shortages, and Staffing Requirements The Health Wonk Shop Podcast, Kaiser Family Foundation, Virtual Event

Sabin JA, Nagasawa P, Guenther GA, Kett PM, Williams-York B, Naidu A, Frogner BK. Implicit and Explicit Race and Weight Bias Among Physician Assistant Preceptors and Trainees Learn Serve Lead 2023: The AAMC Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA

Frogner BK. What Can Large Public Surveys Tell Us About the Dementia Care Workforce? Advancing Workforce Analysis and Research for Dementia (AWARD) Network, University of California, San Francisco, Virtual Event


RHRC Publications

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Mroz TM, Frogner BK, Patterson DG. The impact of Medicare’s rural add-on payments on supply of home health agencies serving rural counties Health Affairs 39:6, 949-957 06-01-2020


RHRC Presentations

For full listings, please visit the RHRC website

Mroz TM, Patterson DG, & Frogner B. The impact of Medicare’s rural add-on payments on access to home health care Poster presented at the AcademyHealth –Long Term Services and Support Interest Group Meeting, Seattle, WA

Mroz TM, Patterson DG, & Frogner B. The impact of Medicare’s rural add-on payments on access to home health care Poster presented at the AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, WA