While women are becoming an increasingly large percentage of the graduates of medical schools and of the generalist specialties in particular, they are much less likely to locate their practices in rural towns. If this trend were to persist, implications for access to care in rural areas would be substantial. This study involved a survey including questions about where the residents preferred to locate and how much they thought they would be practicing in the future. The study first examined national physician location patterns by medical school graduation cohort per gender differences. The second phase dealt with the production of female generalist physicians by medical schools. Funded by HRSA’s ORHP.