Impact of Hospital Closures on Physician Supply


This study determined whether the supply of physicians decreased subsequent to a rural hospital closure during a nine-year period ending in 1988. The study (1) examined changes in physician manpower before, after, and at the time of the closure and (2) examined the association of town size, hospital size, and distance to other hospitals with hospital closure. The hospital closure towns most likely to lose physicians had few physicians before closure, were relatively remote from both urban areas and other hospitals, were located in sparsely populated counties, and tended to have for-profit ownership.