Examining the Racial and Ethnic Diversity of Associate Degree in Nursing Programs by Type of Institution in the US, 2012–2018

  • Abstract

    Increasing nursing workforce diversity is essential to quality health care. Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) programs are a primary path to becoming a registered nurse and an important source of nursing diversity.

    To examine how the number of graduates and racial/ethnic student composition of ADN programs have changed since the Institute of Medicine’s recommendation to increase the percentage of bachelor’s-prepared nurses to 80%.

    Using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education System, we analyzed the number of graduates and racial/ethnic composition of ADN programs across public, private not-for-profit, and private for-profit institutions, and financial aid awarded by type of institution from 2012-2018.

    Racial/ethnic diversity among ADN programs grew from 2012-2018. Although private for-profits proportionally demonstrated greater ADN student diversity and provided financial aid institutionally to a higher percentage of students, public schools contributed the most to the number and racial/ethnic diversity of ADN graduates.

    Given concerns regarding private for-profits, promoting public institutions may be the most effective strategy to enhance diversity among ADN nurses.

  • Authors:

    Mohammed SA, Guenther GA, Frogner BK, Skillman SM

  • Journal/Publisher:

    Nursing Outlook

  • Edition:

    Jul 2021. 69(4):598-608

  • Link to Article

    Access the article here: Nursing Outlook

  • Citation:

    Mohammed SA, Guenther GA, Frogner BK, Skillman SM. Examining the racial and ethnic diversity of associate degree in nursing programs by type of institution in the US, 2012-2018. Nurs Outlook. 2021;69(4):598-608. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2021.01.009

  • Related Studies:

    Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Associate Degree Programs in Nursing