(Mis)Treatment of Patients with Behavioral Health Conditions by Emergency Medical Services Personnel


As frontline responders to behavioral health emergencies in the community, emergency medical services (EMS) personnel—including emergency medical technicians (EMTs), advanced EMTs (AEMTs), and paramedics—have been accused of mistreating patients experiencing behavioral health emergencies. To inform policy and practice interventions to improve EMS training and response, this study will investigate the frequency of mistreatment involving the use of physical or chemical restraints on patients as well as the extent to which mistreatment varies by patient characteristics (e.g., race and gender).

Lead Researcher: Davis Patterson, PhD

Contact Info: davisp@uw.edu



HRSA: HWRC Health Equity



In Progress