Physical Therapy as the First Point of Care to Treat Low Back Pain: An Instrumental Variables Approach to Estimate Impact on Opioid Prescription, Health Care Utilization, and Costs


  • Authors:

    Frogner BK, Harwood K, Andrilla CHA, Schwartz MR, Pines JM

  • Journal/Publisher:

    Health Services Research

  • Edition:

    May 2018. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12984

  • Link to Article

    Access the article here: Health Services Research

  • Citation:

    Frogner BK, Harwood K, Andrilla CHA, Schwartz MR, Pines JM. Physical Therapy As The First Point Of Care To Treat Low Back Pain: An Instrumental Variables Approach To Estimate Impact On Opioid Prescription, Health Care Utilization, And Costs. Health Services Research. May 2018 doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12984

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